by Alan Johnson
Romans 11 Study Questions
- Why does Paul tell his listeners that he is a Jew? (Verse 1)
- (Paul is giving his audience an example of a Jew who is still in the Kingdom of God. A Jew who acknowledges Jesus as Messiah and is saved.) (Bonus point: Paul also reveals he is from the tribe of Benjamin which is significant because his Jewish name is “Saul” who was the first king of Israel and also from the tribe of Benjamin!)
- Is the “Remnant, chosen by grace” talking about Jewish or Gentile believers? What does it mean to be chosen by grace and not by works? (Verses 5-6)
- The immediate reference is to Jewish believers who recognize Jesus as the Messiah. Paul is drawing connections to the time of Elijah when the prophet was worried everyone in Israel had bowed to idol Baal. God comforts Isaiah by saying he has kept a remnant who have not bowed. The difference between grace and works is that the remnant for Isaiah were set apart by works (the did not bow) and here it is by grace (the received the gift of faith in Jesus).
- Why is the Nourishing Root important? What do you think it is? (Verses 17-18)
- Without a nourishing root a branch will die. A branch is completely dependent on the roots for life. The root is God’s promises and provision given in scripture and fulfilled in Jesus.
- If branches are broken off through unbelief, how is someone connected? (Verse 20)
- Through faith in Jesus.
- Is it possible for branches that have been broken off to be brought back into the tree of faith? (Verse 23-24)
- Absolutely! If wild branches can be brought into the cultivated tree, then natural branches can certainly exist on the be grafted back in as well!
- Bonus: Read John 15:1-11 and look for similarities between what Jesus and Paul are saying.
- Jesus says that He is the vine and we are the branches. This is similar to what Paul is saying, especially the necessities of our connection with Jesus (vs4) and the removable of branches who do not believe, or bear fruit (vs2).